Laminar flow control is next-generation technology which is expected to improve aerodynamic performance greatly. As for an application of laminar flow control in the aircraft design, it is important to consider comprehensive effects of laminar flow control system on design results. In this paper, we include the effects caused by additional laminar flow control system into the aircraft conceptual design tool and consider interactive effects on aerodynamic, propulsion and secondary power systems. Two types of laminar flow control technology have been considered and were applied to 200 passenger class transport aircraft. They are natural laminar flow (NLF) and hybrid laminar flow control (HLFC). Results indicated that NLF can improve lift / drag ratio and fuel consumption, and hence decreases the aircraft empty weight. Applying the HLFC improves lift / drag ratio and fuel consumption further. However, because of the additional weight of HLFC system, the maximum take-off weight of HLFC aircraft is equivalent to that of the NLF.
IKAROS is a solar power sail demonstrator launched by JAXA in 2010. IKAROS successfully deployed its large sail by a centrifugal force due to the spin motion of the spacecraft body and obtained a solar power sail navigation. In the evaluation of IKAROS membrane shape, some unexpected phenomena were observed; (1) tether connecting IKAROS membrane and main body got loose in spite of normal spin rate, and (2) the membrane was not warped by photon pressure in spite of low spin rate. The purpose of this paper is to understand generation mechanisms about these unexpected phenomena. Because thin-film devices of thin-film solar cell and reflectivity control device are multilayer film structures, curves occur. The bending stiffness of IKAROS membrane is increased due to the curve. This paper presents the multi-particle model of the membrane considering curve and bending moment of thin-film device. The membrane shape is estimated by numerical simulations and the influence of the thin-film device is made clear.