The transfer process of training seminars for Forest Practice Planners, which have been conducted in line with forestry human development policy, was investigated by surveys and case studies in order to understand the extent to which seminars have led to the implementation of forest practice consolidation. Through laboratory work and workshops, the interactive seminars were designed to promote transfer by means of exercises in trial consolidation at the field level. A questionnaire survey of Planners participating in seminars indicated that they fostered forest practice consolidation by applying what they had learnt in seminars. However, after the Forest Practice Planner certification system was initiated, the seminars changed their focus to exam preparation
for certification. For the effective transfer of seminars and implementation of forest consolidation, the competence of the organizations to which Planners belong plays an important role. In particular, heeding suggestions from Planners and the ability of managers to provide clear guidance for implementing consolidation, as well as the availability of support from outside experts, were significant. Because the national government policy on forestry human development is unstable due to political and financial conditions, professional associations for Planners should continue to provide training programs for their stable development.
Wood biomass supplied by the forestry and wood industry complex is recognized as the major source of woody bioenergy. The forestry and wood industries are strongly interdependent, and wood biomass supply is thought to be readily influenced by the performance of this industrial complex. We need to understand wood utilization activities to clarify the linkage between the performance of the complex and wood biomass supply. First, we calculated the use of wood material and energy in 2000 and 2011 using the same method. Then, the difference between the 2 years was determined. This showed that the increased demand for plywood production during the 10-year period was not met by the domestic input of wood. Therefore, the supply of bioenergy decreased because byproducts from the wood industry had decreased along with the decrease in total wood consumption during that period. Basing on the linkage between the industry complex and woody bioenergy supply, further bioenergy use should be enhanced and the use of wood material increased.
The Japanese government aims to raise the nation’s wood self-sufficiency to 50% by 2020 as stated in the 2009 Forest and Forestry Revitalization Plan. The consumption of wood biomass is expected to increase by creating a large-scale demand for powerplant fuel. Here, we examined the effects of increased bioenergy consumption on the wood-chip industry in the Chugoku region during recent years. We found that the ordered standards for wood chips differed considerably among clients. This multi-standard condition encouraged the wood-chip industry to add new checkpoints to control the quality of their products. Additionally, preferences for raw materials were biased toward hardwoods. The abrupt increase in the use of hardwood chips in 2015 coincided with an increased demand for fuel chips. Furthermore, our analysis of the wood-chip trading system suggested that foresters tend to new logging such as using low-quality parts for fuel while mainly producing pulp chips for hardwoods.
The 2015 Paris Climate Conference acted as a catalyst for the acceleration of international efforts towards the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, and has shed light upon one source of CO2 reduction in particular; forests. Forestland, owing to its capacity to reduce carbon levels in the atmosphere, is expected to play an integral role in the post COP21 paradigm. The local forest industry in Japan remains inefficient and leaves ample room for optimization－despite the country’s wealth of planted trees, Japan’s wood supply is at a net deficit. This study benchmarks the successful role of US timberland investment funds in heightening productivity and optimizing operational efficiency in the forest industry, and compares this to Japan’s struggling forestry. An examination of the key differences between the two regional industries, such as historical background, investment duration, and valuation methodologies, uncover that there are deeply rooted differences in how forest resource and public policy are perceived. Presenting a strong case for commercially viable and profitable forestry projects, for example, as energy crops for biomass power plants, will be the key to overcoming the structural setbacks that have inhibited growth in Japan’s forest industry.
The losses caused by nuclear power plant accidents can be greater than those calculated in monetary terms alone and also greater those that are subject to damages claims. Shiitake mushroom producers in the city of Ichinoseki, in Iwate Prefecture, Japan, were forced to restrict the shipment of their products as a result of the accident at The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. Here, we investigated the post-earthquake status of large-scale shiitake mushroom producers and their submission of damages claims to TEPCO. The results elucidated some of the “invisible” damage caused by the nuclear accident. They also revealed the importance of damages claims based on documented and quantified management records; a management system in which there is dedicated involvement in damages claim negotiations; and appropriate collaboration with other parties from the perspective of the condition of victims as effective means of making damages claims against TEPCO.