This study models the income determination of a regional economy consisting of various types of industries, and decomposes the net regional product of remote islands in Japan into the income induced by central government expenditure, net income inflow, exports, and income-independent private expenditure. The result shows that 42-45% of the net regional product depends on central government expenditure. This study also proposed a non-survey approach to estimate the competitive import type of sub-prefectural regional input-output table from the corresponding prefectural table. This method assumes that: (A) Among the sub-prefectural regions, the share of regional output of sector i’s product exported to outside the prefecture is consistent, and the share of imports from outside the prefecture in the regional demand for sector i’s product is also consistent; (B) The share of cross-hauling in the trade volume of sector i’s product is equivalent in interregional trade and trade between the prefecture and outside the prefecture.
This study aims to identify socio-economic and institutional factors that promote the adoption and continuous use of improved seeds in maize production in Burkina Faso. We use nationally representative panel data and confirm low rates of adoption and continuous use of improved maize seeds. Using a bivariate probit model with sample selection, we find that while the adoption of improved seeds increases with access to credit, membership in farmer organization, and contact with extension services, its continuous use is not affected by such institutional factors after controlling for province level fixed effects that capture agro-ecological variations in the country.
In the cyclone prone coastal zone of Bangladesh, engaging in early cropping of rice may potentially enable farmers to reduce cyclone risks and reshape their livelihood by changing their income status. A binary logistic regression analysis is used to identify determinants for early cropping and finds that households with more educated household head, credit facility, and farms relatively in the south and middle of koyra upazila tend to adopt early cropping. The result implies that even if the early cropping can reduce the cyclone risk, it may be difficult for famers with less education and credit access to continuously adopt this technology.
The aim of this study is to conduct cost-benefit analysis of major crops- maize, wheat, and teff targeted by agricultural extension service in North-West Ethiopia. Results reveal that Return On Investment (ROI) of major crops ranges from marginal to nil. However, ROI of maize is relatively better than teff and wheat. On average agricultural extension program participants generate 37.89 Ethiopian Birr from every 100 Birr invested for maize production, whereas ROI for teff is about 3 Birr and even further worse to wheat which has incurred a loss. Therefore, to make the crop production profitable, the current agricultural extension service should give consideration to the associated production costs and introducing affordable labor saving farm technologies remain important.
This study aims to understand the current situation in China's organic sector by exploring the introduction of an organic agriculture enterprise in Kunming, Yunnan. As the recent growth in organic farming has given rise to the "conventionalization hypothesis," which states that contemporary narratives on organic farming through third-party certification systems are reducing its social-movement components and replacing them with an industrial approach, a case study has been chosen to analyze this trend in China. Nonagricultural capital injection in 2012 led the company in our case study to adjust its business strategy with rapid expansion, during which social values, such as energy recycling and community building, had been easily bypassed and replaced with commercial interests.
The mushrooming of Japanese restaurants and food manufacturers in Malaysia indicates a positive response among the Malaysians and the Muslims in particular. The main objective of this study is to understand Muslim consumers' confidence level on Japanese food and food products in Selangor, Malaysia. The study employed primary data collected from a total of 207 Muslim respondents selected and interviewed using structured questionnaire in Selangor. The findings identified 143 respondents with confident in purchasing Japanese Halal food products carrying Japanese Halal logo.
The agro-food industry in China has experienced continuous growth during the last two decades. With booming domestic demand and increasing international trade, numerous firms are expected to be established in the near future. By spatial econometrics model, this research investigates the effect of agglomeration economy and input-output linkage on the setting up of agro-food firms in China. Results suggest that agglomeration economy and input-output linkage strongly predict the entry of firms into the agro-food market. Our finding provides potential insights for the development of rural areas as well as for the location choice of food firms.
The objective is to assess the economic effects of global warming upon agriculture and global economy under various Shared Socioeconomic Pathways, using EMEDA simulations. The EMEDA has 16 regions and 16 sectors, including five agricultural sectors. Our main outcomes are: all sectors in USA, EU25 and East Asia, and some sectors in Japan, Russia, South Korea, Oceania, and North America will experience economic growth, while the other regions only offset direct agricultural damages by global warming. USA, China and India can positively participate in the COP for the 2℃ target in future for obtaining their own potential large advantages.
This study aimed to predict stability of rice supply and market price in facing food security challenges. It develops supply and demand model to predict with scenarios of AR5 of the IPCC. Fluctuation of modern and local varieties yield during Aman and Boro seasons is higher in RCP6.0 compared to RCP8.5. Volatility of consumption and price is found in RCP6.0 and SSP2 as well as RCP8.5 and SSP3, but price and consumption is relatively stable in RCP8.5 and SSP3. The simulation result suggests that developing temperature-resilient Aman cultivar and ensuring irrigation facilities in the Boro season are necessary in future.