Journal of Microorganism Control
Online ISSN : 2758-6391
Print ISSN : 2758-6383
最新号
選択された号の論文の5件中1~5を表示しています
Original
  • SHIN-ICHI MIYOSHI, KEITA AMAKO, MIKA MURAOKA, HIROKO MORINAGA, SAAYA U ...
    2024 年 29 巻 2 号 p. 55-65
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/06/15
    ジャーナル フリー

    Abstract: Cupriavidus metallidurans strain PD11 isolated from laboratory waste drainage can use C1 compounds, such as dichloromethane (DCM) and methanol, as a sole carbon and energy source. However, strain CH34 (a type-strain) cannot grow in the medium supplemented with DCM. In the present study, we aimed to unravel the genetic elements underlying the utilization of C1 compounds by strain PD11. The genome subtraction approach indicated that only strain PD11 had several genes highly homologous to those of Herminiimonas arsenicoxydans strain ULPAs1. Moreover, a series of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect the orthologs of H. arsenicoxydans genes and the comparative study of the genomes of three strains revealed that the 87.9 kb DNA fragment corresponding to HEAR1959 to HEAR2054 might be horizontally transferred to strain PD11. The 87.9 kb DNA fragment identified was found to contain three genes whose products were putatively involved in the metabolism of formaldehyde, a common intermediate of DCM and methanol. In addition, reverse transcription PCR analysis showed that all three genes were significantly expressed when strain PD11 was cultivated in the presence of DCM or methanol. These findings suggest that strain PD11 can effectively utilize the C1 compounds because of transfer of the mobile genetic elements from other bacterial species, for instance, from H. arsenicoxydans.

Original
  • SHOKO HAMADA, YUKIO NAKAMURA, MITSUHIRO GOMI
    2024 年 29 巻 2 号 p. 63-73
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/06/15
    ジャーナル フリー

    Abstract: Cutibacterium acnes is an opportunistic pathogen recognized as a contributing factor to acne vulgaris. The accumulation of keratin and sebum plugs in hair follicles facilitates C. acnes proliferation, leading to inflammatory acne. Although numerous antimicrobial cosmetic products for acne-prone skin are available, their efficacy is commonly evaluated against planktonic cells of C. acnes. Limited research has assessed the antimicrobial effects on microorganisms within keratin and sebum plugs. This study investigates whether an antibacterial toner can penetrate keratin and sebum plugs, exhibiting bactericidal effects against C. acnes. Scanning electron microscopy and next-generation sequencing analysis of the keratin and sebum plug suggest that C. acnes proliferate within the plug, predominantly in a biofilm-like morphology. To clarify the potential bactericidal effect of the antibacterial toner against C. acnes inside keratin and sebum plugs, we immersed the plugs in the toner, stained them with LIVE/DEAD BacLight Bacterial Viability Kit to visualize microorganism viability, and observed them using confocal laser scanning microscopy. Results indicate that most microorganisms in the plugs were killed by the antibacterial toner. To quantitatively evaluate the bactericidal efficacy of the toner against C. acnes within keratin and sebum, we immersed an artificial plug with inoculated C. acnes type strain and an isolate collected from acne-prone skin into the toner and obtained viable cell counts. The number of the type strain and the isolate inside the artificial plug decreased by over 2.2 log and 1.2 log, respectively, showing that the antibacterial toner exhibits bactericidal effects against C. acnes via keratin and sebum plug penetration.

Original
  • SATOSHI FUKUZAKI, HAJIME HOTTA, SHUN NOJIMA
    2024 年 29 巻 2 号 p. 75-80
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/06/15
    ジャーナル フリー

    Abstract: When a hypochlorite solution is ultrasonically fogged in a room, free chlorine, i.e., HOCl and OCl-, reaches various positions in two forms: fine fog droplets and gaseous hypochlorous acid(HOCl(g)). In this study, the cumulative amount of free chlorine reaching various positions on the floor away from the fogger was measured in a 90-m3 room, using a sulfamate-carrying glass-fiber filter indicator. The fine droplets were blown out from the fogger into the spaces at different discharge port angles of 30 – 90°. Free chlorine was successfully trapped by sulfamate, forming monochlorosulfamate, which was stably retained on the indicator. The cumulative amount of free chlorine( ng/indicator) increased with fogging time at each position and depended on the blow angle and distance from the fogger. Minor differences in the HOCl(g) concentration near the floor at all positions were observed. The disinfection efficacy of the fogging treatment against Staphylococcus aureus on wet surfaces was relatively higher at positions near the fogger and lower at positions far from the fogger. At each discharge port angle, a strong correlation between the logarithmic reduction in relative viable cells and the cumulative amount of free chlorine reaching S. aureus plates was observed. The slopes of the regression lines of correlation diagrams as a function of the cumulative amount of free chlorine were between -0.0362 and -0.0413 ng-1. This study demonstrated that the cumulative amount of free chlorine measured using the filter indicator could reflect the sum of the free chlorine of both fine droplets and HOCl(g), and that the disinfection efficiency depended on the cumulative amount of free chlorine reaching different areas.

Original
  • MICHIE UCHIDA, NORIHIKO TERADA, KAZUHITO SAITO, HIROICHI ISHIKAWA, YAS ...
    2024 年 29 巻 2 号 p. 81-89
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/06/15
    ジャーナル フリー

    Abstract: Although recent propagation of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (CPE) has become a problem worldwide, the picture of CPE infection in Japan has not fully been elucidated. In this study, we examined clinical and microbiological characteristics of invasive CPE infection occurring at 8 hospitals in Minami Ibaraki Area between July 2001 to June 2017. Of 7294 Enterobacterales strains isolated from independent cases of bacteremia and/or meningitis, 10 (0.14%) were CPE (8 Enterobacter cloacae-complex, 1 Escherichia coli, and 1 Edwardsiella tarda), all of which had the blaIMP-1 gene and susceptible to gentamicin and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. These strains were isolated from 7 adult and 2 infant bacteremia (1 infant patient developed CPE bacteremia twice) after 2007. The most common portal of entry was intravenous catheters. All of the adult patients were recovered, while the infant patients eventually died. Genomic analyses showed that the 8 E. cloacae-complex strains were classified into 5 groups, each of which was exclusively detected in specific facilities at intervals of up to 3 years, suggesting persistent colonization in the facilities. This study showed that invasive CPE infection in the area was rare, caused by IMP-1-type CPE having susceptibility to various antibiotics, and nonfatal among adult patients.

Note
  • JUNKO KIDO, TAKAAKI SHIMOHATA, MUTSUMI AIHARA, AKARI TSUNEDOMI, SHO HA ...
    2024 年 29 巻 2 号 p. 91-97
    発行日: 2024年
    公開日: 2024/06/15
    ジャーナル フリー

    Abstract: Campylobacter jejuni causes gastroenteritis in humans and is a major concern in food safety. Commercially prepared chicken meats are frequently contaminated with C. jejuni, which is closely associated with the diffusion of intestinal contents in poultry processing plants. Sodium hypochlorite (NaClO) is commonly used during chicken processing to prevent food poisoning; however, its antimicrobial activity is not effective in the organic-rich solutions. In this study, we investigated the potential of a new photo-disinfection system, UVA-LED, for the disinfection of C. jejuni-contaminated chicken surfaces. The data indicated that UVA irradiation significantly killed C. jejuni and that its killing ability was significantly facilitated in NaClO-treated chickens. Effective inactivation of C. jejuni was achieved using a combination of UVA and NaClO, even in the organic-rich condition. The results of this study show that synergistic disinfection using a combination of UVA and NaClO has potential beneficial effects in chicken processing systems.

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