Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy
Online ISSN : 2186-2494
Print ISSN : 1882-4072
ISSN-L : 1882-4072
Current issue
Displaying 1-4 of 4 articles from this issue
Original Article
  • Wataru Shimohigoshi, Taisuke Akimoto, So Ozaki, Shuto Fushimi, Ryosuke ...
    2024 Volume 18 Issue 6 Pages 155-163
    Published: 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: June 21, 2024
    Advance online publication: April 08, 2024

    Objective: Carotid artery stenting embolic protection devices offer various options, among which distal filter protection is the simplest and easiest to handle. However, compared to balloon protection systems, distal filter protection has more embolic complications. Therefore, we explored the risk factors of distal filter protection, intending to achieve a safer carotid artery stenting. This retrospective study was conducted to identify prognostic factors following carotid artery stenting with only distal filter protection from July 2010 to June 2021.

    Methods: Information on patient background, procedures and devices, and complications was collected using medical records. The data pertaining to 187 patients were analyzed after excluding the data of patients in whom other protection devices (8 cases) were used. We used FilterWire EZ as the first choice for embolic protection device and SpiderFX when the patients had difficult-to-cross lesions.

    Results: The patients' mean age was 71.9 ± 6.9 years, and 72 (38.5%) were symptomatic. Symptomatic (odds ratio: 2.02, p = 0.035) and difficult-to-cross lesions (odds ratio: 3.63, p = 0.0013) were factors independently associated with symptomatic complications.

    Conclusion: This retrospective single-center study established independent prognostic factors for carotid artery stenting with distal filter protection. For patients with symptomatic lesions and severe stenosis or bends that are difficult to pass through, it is necessary to be careful when performing carotid artery stenting with distal filter protection.

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  • Masahiro Indo, Soichi Oya, Shinsuke Yoshida, Masaaki Shojima
    2024 Volume 18 Issue 6 Pages 164-169
    Published: 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: June 21, 2024
    Advance online publication: May 16, 2024
    Supplementary material

    Objective: During cerebral aneurysm embolization of the anterior circulation, the guiding catheter (GC) should be placed as distally as possible in the cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) to secure the maneuverability of the microcatheter and distal access catheter. However, if the shape of the tip of the GC does not appropriately match the course of the ICA, blood stasis might occur. We investigated whether shaping the tip of the GC into an S-shape would allow more stable catheterization to the distal ICA than the conventional GC with an angled tip.

    Methods: We included patients with cerebral aneurysms of the anterior circulation who were treated at our institution from April 2019 to April 2021. First, we evaluated the cervical ICA course in these patients through cerebral angiography and classified the courses into type S, type I, and type Z. Then, we focused on the most frequently encountered type-S cervical ICA to investigate the forging effect of the GC tip into an S-shape. We evaluated the lateral view of the carotid angiograms to examine whether the catheter tip reached the foramen magnum (FM) without interrupting ICA blood flow. The effects of age, sex, side, a history of hypertension and smoking, and an S-shape modification of the GC tip on the outcome of GC placement were analyzed.

    Results: A total of 67 patients were included in this study. The tip of the GC was placed at the FM in 27 cases. Among these factors, only the S-shape modification was significantly associated with whether the GC could be placed at the level of the FM (p <0.0001).

    Conclusion: By forging the tip of the GC into an S-shape, the GC can be safely advanced to the distal part of the cervical ICA, which may contribute to the improved maneuverability of microcatheters.

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Case Report
  • Shinya Fukuta, Mitsuhiro Iwasaki, Hidekazu Yamazaki, Masahiro Maeda, M ...
    2024 Volume 18 Issue 6 Pages 170-176
    Published: 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: June 21, 2024
    Advance online publication: April 05, 2024

    Objective: To report the rare case of a patient with a perianeurysmal cyst following stent-assisted coil embolization of an unruptured vertebral artery aneurysm.

    Case Presentation: A 63-year-old woman underwent stent-assisted coil embolization for an unruptured vertebral artery aneurysm embedded in the brainstem (pons). Complete occlusion of the aneurysm was successfully achieved. However, subsequent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) conducted 8 months after the procedure showed perilesional edematous changes surrounding the aneurysm, and at 20 months, cyst formation was observed in the vicinity of the aneurysm. Progressive enlargement of the cyst eventually led to the development of paralysis and dysphagia, necessitating cyst fenestration surgery. Although postoperative reduction in the cyst size was achieved, the patient experienced complications in the form of aspiration pneumonia and bacterial meningitis, which resulted in a life-threatening condition.

    Conclusion: Aneurysms embedded in the brain parenchyma should be carefully followed up, recognizing the risk of perianeurysmal cyst formation after coil embolization.

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  • Yuhei Ito, Takao Kojima, Mio Endo, Kiyoshi Saito, Takuya Maeda, Masazu ...
    2024 Volume 18 Issue 6 Pages 177-181
    Published: 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: June 21, 2024
    Advance online publication: April 16, 2024

    Objective: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is associated with vascular fragility, which results in aneurysms, arteriovenous fistulas, and dissections. Here, we describe a case of endovascular treatment of a ruptured occipital artery aneurysm that occurred after a craniotomy in a patient with NF1.

    Case Presentation: A 46-year-old man with a history of NF1 underwent a right lateral suboccipital craniotomy to remove a cavernous hemangioma in the right middle cerebellar peduncle. Severe bleeding occurred in the occipital artery during the craniotomy. Due to vessel fragility, coagulation and ligation were not possible, and pressure hemostasis was achieved using cellulose oxide and fibrin glue. On postoperative day 12, the patient developed a sudden swelling on the right side of the neck as well as tracheal compression. Contrast-enhanced CT revealed a ruptured aneurysm in the right occipital artery. Transarterial embolization was performed under general anesthesia the same day. Right external carotid angiography showed an 18-mm-diameter fusiform aneurysm in the occipital artery. The aneurysm ruptured inferiorly to form a large pseudoaneurysm with significant jet flow. An arteriovenous fistula was also observed in a nearby vein. A microcatheter was inserted into the fusiform aneurysm under proximal blood flow control, and embolization was performed using coils and N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate.

    Conclusion: Compared to surgical repair of ruptured occipital artery aneurysms, endovascular treatment appears to be safe, effective, minimally invasive, and rapid. Ruptured occipital artery aneurysms in NF1 patients can cause neck swelling and airway compression and should be recognized as a potentially lethal condition.

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