Online ISSN : 2436-5092
  • デジタル・シティズンシップ教育とESD の接合をめざして
    坂本 旬
    2023 年 6 巻 6 号 p. 29-38
    発行日: 2023/12/31
    公開日: 2024/04/03
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Today, the challenges of the digital world, such as disinformation, hate speech, and conspiracy theories, are a major crisis for democracy. UNESCO's recommendation “Citizenship Education in the Global Digital Age” recognized the need to address these crises and raised the need to invest in digital citizenship education (DCE), which encompasses Media and Information Literacy (MIL). The need for DCE is also being discussed in Japan. And it has been partially adopted by the government and local governments in their education policies. However, in school education, “Information morals education” is being implemented based on the current Courses of Study, and there is no equivalent to DCE. Under these circumstances, the most rational way to develop “creators of a sustainable society”, which is the goal of the Courses of Study, is to integrate DCE and ESD, and to promote MIL as one component of DCE. The Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications has already introduced MIL and DCE into its policies. In the future, Japan is expected to further expand and disseminate ESD integrated with DCE as an educational policy and practice that includes not only formal education but also informal education.
  • 横浜市の ESD 推進校の調査結果から
    佐々木 織恵
    2023 年 6 巻 6 号 p. 38-47
    発行日: 2023/12/31
    公開日: 2024/04/04
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    This study examined the characteristics of school organizations that promote the Whole School Approach (WSA) and the actual situation of its enactment in Japanese school organizations. From the theoretical examination, the following elements of the school organization, which facilitate WSA, were identified: (1) leadership and democratic school management, (2) positioning of ESD in the school vision and curriculum, (3) availability of resources such as time and teaching materials, (4) collaboration among teachers and staff and adaptability to change, (5) partnership with parents and the local community and networking with external stakeholders, and (6) strengthening evaluation. The empirical study showed that, particularly in junior high schools, securing resources such as time and teaching materials and implementing evaluation as school organizations that support the whole-school approach are issues to be addressed. These results indicate the challenges of reforming teachers' work styles in ESD practice. Administrative support is essential for the practice of ESD, such as the development of teaching materials and provision of information, as well as securing time to conduct ESD.