This study aimed to clarify the features of Japanese high school girls' career self-efficacy, and the relationship between this attribute and their interests in certain professions(doctor, nurse, pharmacist, and teacher), in accordance with their desired career patterns. Career self-efficacy was determined according to five aspects: job content, continuation of work regardless of maternity, post-maternity reemployment, entrance to university, and employment. Data on 162 female Japanese students were collected at a preparatory high school that has a high number of science students. Desired career pattern groups were assigned as follows: continuation of work regardless of maternity(n =76), post-maternity reemployment(n =58), and retirement upon marriage or maternity(n =28). The ANOVA results showed the work continuation group's score for self-efficacy regarding work continuation was higher than those for the other two groups. Multiple regression analysis revealed the following in each group: 1)in the group for work continuation, self-efficacy regarding job content was positively related with interest in three professions. 2)In the group for reemployment, self-efficacy regarding job contents and regarding entrance to university was positively related with interest in three professions. 3)In the group for retirement, self-efficacy regarding job content had no significant relationship with interest for any profession. The results suggest that self-efficacy regarding work continuation could be a determinant of career pattern, and self-efficacy regarding job content could be a main determinant of interest in a specific profession in the work continuation or reemployment group.
This study discusses the introduction, from 2009 onwards, of e-portfolios for use in career education in French secondary schools, examining its results and issues by focusing on the interviews with teaching and school Staff. The author analyzed the testimonies of 17 members of staff and extracted the following five topics: 1)motives for use; 2)dissemination policies; 3)purpose of use; 4)advantages and significance; and 5)issues. In terms of advantages and significance, this analysis suggests that the fundamental effects of information and communication, backed up by the prerequisite of user-friendliness, led to the cultivation of competency. Furthermore, the developmental effects of temporal and spatial continuity were found to be linked with career education activities and the making the person concerned visible. On the other hand, according to an on-site survey conducted in Lille where many schools introduce e-portfolios, while they are largely used as an information-searching tool, not enough consideration is given to cultivating reflective thinking and autonomy based on mutual communication. However, the true essence of the e-portfolio is contained in molding one's identity through introspection and social interaction. In order to show its true value as a “career passport,” it is required to improve the awareness and skills of teacher through training, as well as integrate it with career education as a whole.