Junnosuke Yoshiyukiʼs novel Toward Dusk (1978) is not a work that tries to depict the humanity of the individual characters. Rather, it is a work that tries to depict pure human relations only. More specifically,the author took out only the structure of the love relationship and depicted it. The seven chapters that make up this work are the so-called seven figures which each represent the structure of the love relationship. If a reader sees the seven chapters (i.e. the seven figures) superposed, he can see clearly come out the structure of the love relationship that is simple and complex at the same time. But the structure looks very desolate and dreary. We no longer can call this novel a “love story”. It is an anti-love story.
In this article, we will first examine what “home”means to those providing nursing care, and then we will explore the various confusion that arise when a visiting nurse takes on the caregiver role that used to be carried out by family members in private. Based on this exploration, we will see how the visiting nurses advocate for “respect for autonomy and independence,”and play the role of a guest in relation to the patient in an attempt to provide ideal care and keep the confusion minimal. We will then look at how this respect for autonomy in home care leads to complications more often than in institutions by demonstrating how this forces the visiting nurse into an ethical choice between following the wishes and decisions of the patient, or overriding those decisions by expressing authority as a specialized practitioner. What becomes apparent through this exploration is that visiting care is built on a unique power balance where the patient and the nurse play the role of host and guest, respectively, and that is the strategy to disguise many of the moral dilemmas seen in home care practices.
In this paper, I discuss one of the methods to guide a learner in computer-based education such as elearning. Many learners must use not only one suitable application but an operating system and learning management systems in learning activities. These systems have help-function but the functions are independent of each other. The functions which help learners with some troubles in the whole educational flow have not existed until now. Although some teachers draw up a work procedure instruction sheet with some images and provide it to learners, some of them are still be not able to do their learning operations.
One of the most important works for teaching assistants (TA) is to support such learners. However it is difficult to place TAs in many classes and all self-learning scenes. The aim of my research is developing an intelligent single agent system, and I examined the framework and the methods of implementation for the system. The following is the outline of my fundamental ideas. At first, we prepare the work procedure instruction sheet which teachers drew up and the basic knowledge about operations of PC. Next, the system presumes the causes of learners’trouble by using the information about interaction with the learners and the result of matching during their desktop image on PC and the images on the sheet. Finally, the system displays an active image popularly known as a “desktop mascot”and makes it point at the place where the learner should look at and give advice about what the learner should do next. In this method, the system can help the learner automatically in any learning environment by replacing the sheet and the knowledge. In this paper, I worked up my presentations of the research at the National Convention of IPS
2012, 2013 and 2014, and I added the newest results and considerations.
With the growth of university advancement rate, the spectrum of freshmen academic skills ranges widely and it brings a reduction of learning time. It is an important matter how study hours are earned in the discussion of awarding a credit to students in a rigorous manner. This study aims to develop web-based learning materials in order to increase the learning time by applying the concept of gamification which is well-used in the field of marketing. The educational effect of the pilot program of web-based learning materials shall be reported by investigating the access logs and the questionnaire carried out for students in the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences.
The goal of this multi-part paper is to create a framework towards understanding the relationship of language and identity in multiracial individuals. A bilingual person’s identity is defined by who he or she is through social interaction with others, through how they are categorized and understood by others, and possibly through how much a person may or may not internalize the views of others. As the main focus of this third section of their multi-part paper, the authors examine issues of bilingualism in multiracial individuals in one particular set of such individuals. In particular, they devote this section to discussing the bilingual experiences of AmerAsians in Okinawa, which highlights how bilinguality and biculturality affect such individuals in terms of both their opportunities in society, their perceptions of the world, and their own identities. The role of language is vital to a multiracial individual’s identity because it is a central component in social relationships, allowing access to cultural knowledge and behavior of ethnic groups; and further, how it influences the bicultural, bilingual individual’s capabilities to negotiate the sense of self and acceptance into a group or society.