The outcomes of induction chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy for hypopharyngeal carcinoma were analyzed to determine whether response to induction chemotherapy could be a useful parameter for selecting candidates for organ-preserving therapy.Forty-three patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma were treated with definitive radiotherapy with or without concurrent chemotherapy following induction chemotherapy. The predominant induction chemotherapy regimens involved cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil with or without docetaxel. The patients that responded to the induction chemotherapy received definitive organ-preserving treatment. Patients who did not respond to induction chemotherapy were considered for surgery, but only those patients who underwent definitive radiotherapy were analyzed in this study. Conventional radiotherapy was administered in all patients. The associations between clinical parameters including age, sex, performance status (PS), tumor site, T-category, N-category, stage, the regimen of induction chemotherapy, the response to induction chemotherapy, the presence/absence of concurrent chemotherapy, overall survival (OS), and local control (LC) were analyzed.Among the surviving patients, the follow-up period ranged from 10-145 months (median: 46 months). The 3-year OS and LC rates for all 43 patients were 61% and 70%, respectively. The 3-year OS and LC rates of the responders were 73% and 81%, respectively, whereas those of the non-responders were 29% and 40%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, only PS was correlated with overall survival (p=0.03). The complication rates were acceptable in all groups.Responders to induction chemotherapy appear to be good candidates for definitive organ-preserving treatment. Chemoselection appears to aid treatment selection in patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma.
We investigated the influence of nocturia and sleep disturbance on health-related quality of life(HRQOL) using the Medical Outcomes Study 8-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-8) in patients with nocturia. We also assessed the effect of therapeutic intervention by means of an anticholinergic agent on the results of the SF-8. One hundred and eighty-four patients who voided at least once per night were surveyed using the SF-8, Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). These parameters were also evaluated before and after 12 weeks of imidafenacin treatment in 51 patients with OAB accompanied by nocturia. The SF-8 physical component summary score (PCS) showed a significant decrease as nighttime voiding frequency increased. The mental health component summary score was 47.1 and 47.6 (which were lower than the standard value of 50) in the group with a nighttime frequency of once and ≥3/night, respectively. The SF-8 PCS and 6 subscales were negatively associated with nighttime voiding frequency, while the PSQI global score was positively associated with it. Imidafenacin significantly improved the OABSS, PSQI, and ESS, as well as the SF-8 score. This is the first study using the SF-8 to show that nocturia and sleep disturbance have a major influence on comprehensive HRQOL and that the SF-8 can be used to monitor HRQOL in OAB patients receiving treatment for nocturia.
Intrauterine globe-shaped metreurynter tamponade has been used for some time to treat massive postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). More recently, the Bakri balloon has come into use to treat PPH. It is made of silicon, possesses a drainage lumen, and has a sausage-like spindle shape. The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical usefulness of Bakri balloon tamponade for massive PPH. Subjects in the present study comprised 5 patients with uterine atony, 3 with placenta previa, and 2 with low-lying placenta. All patients exhibited massive PPH and resistance to conventional hemostatic managements. Bakri balloon tamponade was appliedto these 10 patients. The mean amounts of uterine bleeding (average ± SD) before and after Bakri insertion were2,732 ± 1,397 mL and 380 ± 376 mL, respectively. The median (third-first quartile ranges) volume of salineinflating the balloon was 200 mL (300-150 mL). The median (third-first quartile ranges) indwelling duration of Bakri balloon was 24 hours (24-11 hrs). The overall success rate of Bakri balloon tamponade was 90% (9/10).There were no cases of slipping out or complications regarding balloon placement. Our findings suggest that Bakri balloon tamponade may be applied to the treatment of massive PPH in uterine atony and placenta previa.The Bakri balloon appears to have the following merits: (1) easy insertion into the uterine cavity and low rate of slipping out, (2) proper conformability to the hemorrhagic area due to its spindle shape, (3) ability to monitor blood loss through the drainage lumen even after insertion.
Major depressive disorder (MDD) has been associated with stressful life events and with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD and MDD comorbidity was also reported to be associated with greater symptom severity and lower levels of functioning. However, the characteristics of pharmacotherapy for PTSD with MDD are not fully understood. To understand this relationship, we conducted a retrospective review using medical charts at the Department of Neuropsychiatry, Kurume University Hospital. Information from 55 patients with PTSD was analyzed. Five cases were excluded after re-evaluation of the PTSD diagnosis. A higher rate of type II trauma was observed in the PTSD with MDD group (50.0%) than in the PTSD-only group [13.6%; χ2 (1, n =50) = 7.26, p<0.01]. Patients with comorbid MDD were significantly older, had more severe PTSD symptomatology, and a longer duration of treatment. They also received higher doses of psychotropic drugs, regardless of the type (antidepressants, antipsychotics, benzodiazepines), than the PTSD-only group. Our results showed that comorbid MDD is associated with higher doses of psychotropic drugs, suggesting difficulties in treatment.
Horseshoe kidney is a known congenital renal anomaly. During a gross anatomy dissection course for students in 2014, a horseshoe kidney was found in an 80-year-old female. The isthmus was formed by the fusion of the right and left kidneys at their lower poles and resulted in a U-shaped kidney. Both sides of the renal hilum opened ventrally. Four surplus renal arteries entered the horseshoe kidney. The first surplus renal artery arose from the right side of the abdominal aorta, and entered the lower part of the renal hilum. The second surplus artery arose from the ventral side of the abdominal aorta, and entered the left inferior part of the left renal hilum.The third surplus artery also arose from the ventral side of the abdominal aorta and entered the inferior border of the left part of the isthmus. The fourth surplus artery arose from the bifurcation of the common iliac arteries and distributed to the inferior border of the middle of the isthmus. One surplus renal vein arose from the lower border of the middle of the isthmus, descended dorsally to the abdominal aorta and the right common iliac artery, and then entered the upper wall of the left common iliac vein. The isthmus was made up of renal parenchymal structures. These findings will be useful as regards research and surgery on the horseshoe kidney. This was the eighth case of horseshoe kidney in our laboratory.
Although cases of referred shoulder pain due to ischemic heart disease have been well documented, to our knowledge no reports on infective endocarditis accompanied by referred right shoulder pain have been published. A 43-year-old Japanese man presented with severe right shoulder pain and a body temperature of 38°C.Blood tests showed inflammation and liver dysfunction, although magnetic resonance imaging did not indicate septic shoulder arthritis. However, contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed renal, splenic, and hepatic infarctions. Moreover, a labile vegetation was detected on an echocardiogram. The patient was diagnosed with infective endocarditis and antibiotics were administered intravenously. Infective endocarditis is a serious condition that can result in complications if it is not diagnosed and treated at an early stage. Therefore, in cases with referred shoulder pain, physicians should carefully consider the presence of internal diseases that may cause this condition, as in the present case.
A 70-year-old man was referred to our hospital for an intermittent high fever attributed to subcutaneous pocket infection of an implanted central venous access port device caused by methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus and subsequent bloodstream infection. Echocardiography revealed a large vegetation on the posterior tricuspid leaflet, annular dilatation and moderate-to-severe tricuspid regurgitation. Valve surgery was performed for persistent infection despite 8 weeks of antibiotics therapy. At operation, vegetations and torn chordae tendineae were found on the posterior tricuspid leaflet. After total resection of the posterior tricuspid leaflet, bicuspidalization valvuloplasty with prosthetic ring annuloplasty was achieved without relapse of the infection or residual regurgitation.