Badr al-Dī al-‘Aynī, one of the famous ‘ulamā
’ of the Circassian Mamluk Period, is also known as the author of the huge world chronicle, ‘Iqd al-jumān
. In spite of its importance as a source for the Baḥrī Mamluk Period, the ‘Iqd
remains unpublished except for very small parts; neither has the relationship among the various manuscripts been studied.
To grasp the whole structure of the ‘Iqd
, I investigated a number of manuscripts and identified the following series: (1) a series of nineteen volumes (autographs and Ikhmīmī's set), (2) a series of thirty-eight half- volumes (Azharī's set etc.) (3) a series of four large volumes, which is composed of fragments from the above two series (the Ottoman sets). It also became clear that a few fragments of Ta’rīkh al-badr
), another of al-‘Aynī's chronicles, were mingled with the ‘Iqd
Next, as a sample, I took the descriptions of the year 728 AH from six manuscripts labeled as “‘Iqd
” and two Badr
manuscripts, and compared them. Consequently, I identified four groups of al-‘Aynī's writings as follows: (1) the full version of the ‘Iqd
(Ahmet 2911/al7; Süleymaniye 835; Beșir Aǧa 457), (2) its extract (Ahmet 2911/a18), (3) the full version of the Badr
(Süleymaniye 830; BL Add. 22360), and (4) its extract (Carullah 1591; Selim Aǧa 837).
Then, I analyzed al-‘Aynī's sources. It became clear that he depended on al-Yūsufi and, probably on al-Nuwayrī, whom he wrongly identified as Ibn Kathīr. The source analysis also clarified the process of al-‘Aynī's historical writing; first he wrote the Badr
, and then rewrote his new chronicle, the ‘Iqd
, based on the Badr
, adding new information derived from at-Yūsufi.
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