Purpose: The purpose was to compare quadriceps muscle fatigue and change in surface electromyogram (sEMG) spectral power, muscle thickness, and peak torque (normalized by body weight) in men and women during isokinetic knee contractions. Methods: Nineteen healthy volunteers (10 men, 9 women) participated. The volunteers performed 32 consecutive maximal isokinetic knee contractions for peak torque and muscle fatigue index (FI). The sEMG data were analyzed using wavelet analysis for median frequency (MF). Muscle thickness was measured using ultrasonography. Results: Men had a significantly higher FI, peak torque (Nm/kg), muscle thickness than women (p<0.05). A significant linear decreased MF slope in the vastus lateralis was observed (p<0.05) in men than in women. There was no significant difference in MF slope in the vastus medialis between men and women. Conclusion: During muscle fatigue assessment, men had a significantly greater muscle thickness, knee extension peak torque, and a higher decrease of MF slope than women. Our results indicate that specific muscle fatigue observed during repeated muscle knee contractions is significantly influence by gender and affects MF slope, knee extension peak torque, and muscle thickness.
Background: Activities of daily living (ADL) in aged hemodialysis patients decrease by many factors as hemodialysis therapy, various disease-related complications and underlying disease for rehabilitation. But the correlation between low ADL and mortality remains unclear. We assessed the levels of ADL and effects of rehabilitation in hemodialysis patients with low ADL. Moreover, the association between the baseline functional independence measure (FIM) or rehabilitation treatment effects and all-cause mortality were investigated. Methods: This prospective cohort study included 182 inpatients on maintenance hemodialysis, who underwent rehabilitation for a decline in ADL. Before and after initiating rehabilitation, ADL were assessed using FIM. Results: The total baseline FIM was 65.1±26.9 (motor items: 39.5±18.7; cognitive items: 25.6±10.7). After rehabilitation, the total FIM increased to 77.1±33.1 (motor items: 50.9±24.4; cognitive items: 26.1±10.8). The baseline FIM, presence or absence of FIM increase, and albumin were significantly associated with mortality. Moreover, the mortality hazard ratio in patients with FIM ≤67 and no FIM increase was 20-fold significantly higher than that in patients with FIM ≥68 and FIM increase. The cognitive items and albumin were significantly associated with the rehabilitation effects in multivariate analysis. Conclusions: Although the FIM decreased by half in hemodialysis patients, rehabilitation improved their FIM (particularly the motor items). The FIM was a novel predictive marker of 3-year mortality in these patients, and an increased FIM after rehabilitation resulted in better prognosis. Moreover, the effectiveness of rehabilitation may depend on maintaining cognitive functions.
The objective of the study was to determine the effects of Kinesio taping (KT) in inhibiting fatigue and preserving dynamic balance. Male recreational athletes were recruited to participate in this study. Participants were blinded from the group assignment and divided into four groups (Group A; KT and fatigue, Group B; no tape and fatigue, Group C; KT and no fatigue and Group D; no tape and no fatigue) using sequentially opaque, sealed envelopes. Pre and post measurements of Modified Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) composite score and normalized reach distance were used to measure dynamic balance. Adapted Functional Agility Short Term Fatigue Protocol (FAST-FP) was used to induce fatigue. KT was applied to rectus femoris, biceps femoris and medial gastrocnemius of the dominant leg. There was a significant change in the SEBT composite score between groups over time (p<0.05) and in time effect (p<0.05). The main effect comparing the SEBT composite score between the group was not significant (p=0.16). Group A (90.10±9.40) and Group B (86.14±10.50) attained lower mean for SEBT composite score compared to Group C (97.30±10.83) and Group D (98.13±9.47) suggests that fatigue have a diminishing effect on dynamic balance. KT application inhibit the effects of fatigue and preserved lateral and posterior direction of SEBT. KT application may lower the risk for injuries in the lateral and posterior directions following fatigue induction.