Both positive and negative relationships between airport performance and LCCs have been reported in U.S. and Europe. The effect of LCC on airport management remains unclear, while air passenger movement has increased after LCCs’ entry. For the pourpose of investigating the relationships between airports and LCCs or inbound tourism, this paper estimate efficiency and productivity of Japanese airports administrated by central government with the data from 2010 to 2016, by using DEA and Malmquist productivity index. Moreover, factor analysis with double bootstrap procedure is conducted in the second stage regression. We find that Japanese airports have maintained a productivity growth rate of about 2.65% per year, and the increase in the LCC share of domestic market has a positive effect on airport efficiency.
Inbound policy making requires to identify the tour trip characteristics. The exogenous data aggregation would be, however, difficult because of too many possibilities in the combination of tour, or trip attributes. In order to find some significant and representative tour or trip patterns in foreign visitors to Japan, an analytical tool to overcome the conventional problems should be developed. This study applies a topic model, which can efficiently analyze the latent patterns in the Bag-of-words data set, to the data in Flow of Foreigners visiting to Japan, and clarifies the change of tour trip patterns.
Since the opening of the Chubu International Airport (Centrair), it has made a substantial contribution to Chubu-region. To analyze effects of the international air cargos including not only transport costs but also intermediate goods purchase for exports, input-output analysis applies into Chubu-region multi-regional I-O table. As a result, the effect of the cargos using Centrair is bigger than the effect of the passengers. In addition, the half of effects are caused by Chubu-region, which has more effects compared to the case of passengers using Centrair. Centrair has significant contribution to logistics for manufacturing in Chubu-region through international air cargo services.
We survey and analyze the trend of international standardization of business protocols for data exchanges in Maritime Single Window (MSW) through IMO Compendium on Facilitation and Electronic Business (FAL Compendium). Based on the survey and analysis, we conclude that: FAL Compendium has totally revised in 2019 and it lacks of consistency with the previous version of FAL Compendium; it might not be necessary to make Japan’s MSW corresponded with FAL Compendium immediately; and it is necessary to pay attention to the discussion on making the use of FAL Compendium become mandatory by the revision of FAL Convention.
FAA announced that FAA issued the certification of commercial package delivery to Wing Aviation in April 2019. Toward establishing UAS Delivery service environment in Japan, the authors reviewed documents such as Wing’s petition for exemptions of certain regulations, comments from various stakeholders to the petition and FAA decisions on the petition. The authors focus on the discussion of acceptable risk, beyond visual line of site operation and multiple UASs operations.