This study is an empirical analysis to identify the underlying characteristics of the policy network for a tourism cooperative between Busan metropolitan city, Korea and Fukuoka city Japan. The relational structure between the key actors has been graphically depicted through the analysis and key actors, and coordinators have been confirmed by period through a centrality analysis. The results indicated that tourism policy network between Busan and Fukuoka led to the formation of public and private actors, the number of actors increased as the project proceeded and their interaction displayed a complex pattern. However, there was transmission of information and resources in each process by the various actor, the acquisition and the mediation of the information and resources was centralized by local governments. This implies that equal distribution of power is needed to maintain network stability.
Tohoku Region Pacific Coast Earthquake happened on March 11th, 2011. Due to this huge earthquake and tsunami, numerous lives were lost and the damaged to people’s life style and social system was unimaginable. With regard to landscape heritage, the Takada Pine Forest (Takakada-no-Matsubara) was severely damaged, which is a nationally designated Scenic Beauty spot. It is located in Rikuzentakata city, Iwate Prefecture. The aim of this paper is to define the forest’s intrinsic value, by clarifying the historic process of the formation of the pine forest from the Edo period to the Showa period, and discuss the effects of previous large tsunamis (Tempo Sanriku Tsunamiin 1835, Meiji Sanriku Tsunami in 1896, Showa Sanriku Tsunami in 1933, Chili Tsunami in 1960), as well as the current value and future vision of this historically scenic area. From the results of document analysis and field surveys, we led that the Takada Pine Forest has been developed and managed by local people’s activities since the 17th century. This has been passed down over many generations. Therefore, it can be said that the Takada Pine Forest has never lost its intrinsic value and has kept its potential worth, as long as the will to preserve and rehabilitate the forest will continue existing from generation to generation.
Influenced by China’s New Rural Polices (the Chinese government’s campaign to “construct a New Socialist Countryside”), Shangzhuang New Village (SNV) is an example of a re-organized new village. Construction of this village commenced in 2010 and was proclaimed finished in 2013. This study on the differences between the master plan of SNV and its realization aims to understand the approach taken for village reconstruction. According to the analysis of SNV im plementation content items and participants’ roles and responsibilities, the reasons for differences between the master plan and its final condition were clarified, and the issues concerning village reconstruction were explored. Finally, this paper concludes by presenting the problems on imple mentation of the Master Plan, and presents some recommendations for sustainable development of village reconstructions.