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全文: "Neural basis of consciousness"
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  • Nozomu MORI
    Acta Medica Nagasakiensia
    2005年 50 巻 3 号 83-91
    発行日: 2005年
    公開日: 2005/10/18
    ジャーナル フリー
    "Ko-ko-ro", meaning 'mind', is a complex higher order function of the human brain. The two distinct activities of mind that are best understood are the ability to recognize oneself, i.e., self-awareness, and the ability to read another mind. These two functions form the fundamental basis of humanity, thereby allowing us to conform and live in harmony within a given family, community, or society. The mind is formed under certain conditions within neural systems in the human brain, and potentially in some other primate brains. This activity is built upon the harmonic orchestration of various sub-components of mind formation, e.g., perception, sensing, cognition, learning and memory, emotion, consciousness, thoughts, desire, beliefs, and willingness. The current understanding of the mechanism of mind is limited, but growing evidence suggests that molecular, cellular, genetic, psychological, cognitive, and system neurobiological methods could help to further our knowledge of the mind. In this review, I will overview current understanding of the components of mind, particularly from a molecular neurobiological perspective, with anticipation that mapping the mind anatomically in molecular terms may ultimately be possible in the human brain.
  • 苧阪 直行
    認知神経科学
    2005年 7 巻 3 号 250-255
    発行日: 2005年
    公開日: 2011/07/05
    ジャーナル フリー
  • James Newman
    認知科学
    1997年 4 巻 3 号 3_15-3_30
    発行日: 1997/09/01
    公開日: 2008/10/03
    ジャーナル フリー
    Despite the whirl of controversy surrounding consciousness studies, there is real progress being made in cognitive science towards establishing an empirically-rigorous theory of mind, in both its conscious and non-conscious manifestations. Beginning with a broad overview of clinical and experimental findings bearing on the neural correlates of conscious processes, the author traces the development of several related models that appear to converge upon a central “conscious system”. This extended reticular-thalamic activating system (ERTAS) has been increasingly implicated in a variety of functions associated with consciousness, including: orienting to salient events in the outer world; dream (REM) sleep; the polymodal integration of sensory processes in the cortex (binding); selective attention, and volition. It is argued that the increasing convergence of models from clinical and experimental neuroscience is leading towards a general theory of consciousness which is both non-dualist and non-reductionist.
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