2020 Volume 53 Issue 3 Pages 55-60
Alogliptin is one of a new class of therapeutic agents for type 2 diabetes called dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors. Here, we used immunohistochemistry to investigate the pharmacokinetics of alogliptin at the cell and tissue levels in the rat kidney and liver. One hour after alogliptin administration, the most noticeable immunoreactivity in the kidney was a moderate-to-strong staining in proximal tubule S3 segment epithelial cells. On the other hand, immunostaining was found only in the microvilli of S1 and S2 segment cells. Immunoreactivity was also observed in the glomerulus and distal tubules. Positive cells and almost negative cells coexisted in the collecting ducts. Twenty-four hours after administration, moderate immunostaining remained in the S3 segment but staining in other regions had almost disappeared. In the liver 1 hr after administration, hepatocyte staining differed in the hepatic lobule, with zone III being stronger than zone I. Immunostaining had almost disappeared 24 hr after administration. These findings suggest that alogliptin reabsorption at the kidney and uptake at the hepatocyte vary from region to region and that one or more types of transporter are involved in these processes. In addition, long-term alogliptin use may cause the drug to accumulate in S3 segment, leading to adverse events.