ACTA HISTOCHEMICA ET CYTOCHEMICA
Online ISSN : 1347-5800
Print ISSN : 0044-5991
ISSN-L : 0044-5991
Current issue
Displaying 1-4 of 4 articles from this issue
REGULAR ARTICLE
  • Tomoki Takata, Akihiro Nakamura, Hiroaki Yasuda, Hayato Miyake, Yoshio ...
    Article type: Regular Article
    2024 Volume 57 Issue 2 Pages 57-66
    Published: April 25, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: April 25, 2024
    Advance online publication: April 04, 2024
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS FULL-TEXT HTML
    Supplementary material

    Protein lactylation is a post-translational modification associated with glycolysis. Although recent evidence indicates that protein lactylation is involved in epigenetic gene regulation, its pathophysiological significance remains unclear, particularly in neoplasms. Herein, we investigated the potential involvement of protein lactylation in the molecular mechanisms underlying benign and malignant pancreatic epithelial tumors, as well as its role in the response of pancreatic cancer (PC) cells to gemcitabine. Increased lactylation was observed in the nuclei of intraductal papillary mucinous adenoma, non-invasive intraductal papillary mucinous carcinoma, and invasive carcinoma, in parallel to the upregulation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α. This observation indicated that a hypoxia-associated increase in nuclear protein lactylation could be a biochemical hallmark in pancreatic epithelial tumors. The standard PC chemotherapy drug gemcitabine suppressed histone lactylation in vitro, suggesting that histone lactylation might be relevant to its mechanism of action. Taken together, our findings suggest that protein lactylation may be involved in the development of pancreatic epithelial tumors and could represent a potential therapeutic target for PC.

    Editor's pick

  • Haruo Ohtani, Kazuhiko Matsuo, Kosuke Kitahata, Eiichi Sato, Takashi N ...
    Article type: Regular Article
    2024 Volume 57 Issue 2 Pages 67-74
    Published: April 25, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: April 25, 2024
    Advance online publication: April 04, 2024
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS FULL-TEXT HTML
    Supplementary material

    Cancer tissue generally possesses an immunosuppressive microenvironment. However, some cancers are associated with lymphoid stroma (i.e., a widely developed tertiary lymphoid structure). The T-cell zone (paracortex) of secondary lymphoid organs, particularly lymph nodes, is characterized by an abundance of T-cell zone fibroblastic reticular cells (TCZ-FRCs) that express C-C motif chemokine ligand 21 (CCL21) and smooth muscle actin (SMA). We analyzed the presence of TCZ-FRCs in 30 cases of carcinomas with lymphoid stroma of the breast, stomach, colon, tongue, and skin. Immunohistochemistry corroborated the abundance of CCL21+ SMA+ TCZ-FRCs in the normal lymph nodes. In sharp contrast, all 30 carcinomas with lymphoid stroma displayed no CCL21+ SMA+ TCZ-FRCs despite the affluence of T cells. Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction confirmed a marked decrease in the messenger ribonucleic acid expression of CCL21 and its receptor C-C motif chemokine receptor 7 in cancer lymphoid stroma compared to that in lymph nodes. Next, we analyzed the T cell phenotypes. The cancer lymphoid stroma demonstrated an abundance of CD3+ CD62L memory-type T cells, in contrast to the presence of CD3+ CD62L+ naïve- and central memory T cells in the T cell zone of lymphoid tissues. Our data demonstrated the following: 1) Cancer lymphoid stroma lacked TCZ-FRCs with abundance of more activated T cells than in lymph nodes and 2) these were common phenomena in cancer lymphoid stroma irrespective of the histological types and organs involved.

    Editor's pick

  • Reina Taguchi, Mio Yamaguchi-Tanaka, Kiyoshi Takagi, Ai Sato, Yasuhiro ...
    Article type: Regular Article
    2024 Volume 57 Issue 2 Pages 75-83
    Published: April 25, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: April 25, 2024
    Advance online publication: April 17, 2024
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS FULL-TEXT HTML
    Supplementary material

    High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) functions as damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMPs), released into extracellular space during cellular stress. Extracellular HMGB1 act as signal molecules through Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 or TLR4, exerting diverse functions in both normal cells and malignant cells including breast cancer. However, their comprehensive examination in breast cancer tissues is lacking. Thus, we immunolocalized them in 112 breast cancer tissues, correlating their immunoreactivity with clinicopathological parameters and clinical outcomes to clarify their significance in breast cancer. We demonstrated that nuclear HMGB1 immunoreactivity was correlated with tumor progression and longer disease-free survival. In contrast, TLR2 immunoreactivity was correlated with increased cell proliferation and shorter disease-free survival, dependent on cytoplasmic HMGB1 immunoreactivity. Additionally, TLR4 immunoreactivity correlated with chemoresistance, regardless of cytoplasmic HMGB1 immunoreactivity. It was therefore considered that TLR2 collaboratively contributed to breast cancer progression with HMGB1-DAMPs to become a worse prognostic factor. Meanwhile, TLR4 served as a worse prognostic factor associated with chemoresistance, irrespective of HMGB1.

    Editor's pick

NOTE
  • Hirotaka Sakamoto, Ayumu Inutsuka
    Article type: Note
    2024 Volume 57 Issue 2 Pages 85-88
    Published: April 25, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: April 25, 2024
    Advance online publication: April 04, 2024
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS FULL-TEXT HTML

    Recent advances in viral vector technology, specifically using adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors, have significantly expanded possibilities in neuronal tracing. We have utilized the Cre/loxP system in combination with AAV techniques in rats to explore the subcellular localization of palmitoylation signal-tagged GFP (palGFP) in oxytocin-producing neurosecretory neurons. A distinctive branching pattern of single axons was observed at the level of the terminals in the posterior pituitary. Despite challenges in detecting palGFP signals by fluorescent microscopy, immunoelectron microscopy demonstrated predominant localization on the plasma membrane, with a minor presence on the neurosecretory vesicle membrane. These findings suggest that membrane-anchored palGFP may undergo exocytosis, translocating from the plasma membrane to the neurosecretory vesicle membrane. In this study, we observed characteristic axon terminal structures in the posterior pituitary of oxytocin neurons. This study indicates the importance of understanding the plasma membrane-specific sorting system in neuronal membrane migration and encourages future studies on the underlying mechanisms.

    Editor's pick

feedback
Top