Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ)
Online ISSN : 1881-8161
Print ISSN : 1340-4210
ISSN-L : 1340-4210
Hikaru MOMMATakahiro TAJI
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2021 Volume 86 Issue 790 Pages 2731-2742


Environmental Engineering Research Institute of Narabigaoka (1966, EERIN) designed by Tomoya Masuda & Associates is a published work and college project in Kyoto and an essential work to study relations between Masuda's works & his thoughts.

This is because they used a word called “風景 Fukei”(making architecture have a new meaning) in EERIN , and that word is also used in Masuda's writings with the same meaning as EERIN, for example, in 「建築のある風景」(1964-1965). In addition to that, the description of EERIN mentions 「建築のある風景」. So, this paper aimed to reveal the relations between the ideas and the architecture itself of EERIN.

But the description of EERIN doesn’t make a clear definition of “Fukei” and other important word like “構造化 Kouzou-ka”, “故郷 Hometown”, “表情 Facial Expression” and a relation between the architecture itself and its idea is also ambiguous.

So, the author studied National Theatre (1963), Naruto Technical High school (1963, NTH) to reveal the meanings of “Fukei” and other words and find relations between “Fukei” and the architecture itself in EERIN. Because that projects appear in the description of EERIN and the similar idea as “Fukei” called “Keikan” are used in that projects. We used some unpublished material such as 「NTH 計画案」(1963) which is referred the description of EERIN and discovered by MOMMA.

In chapter 3, we analyzed National Theatre with unpublished materials and found following 3 points. In National Theatre; 1) “Keikan” was used in the description and has same meaning as “Fukei”. 2) The relation between “Keikan” or “Kouzou-ka” and the architecture itself is ambiguous in the project. 3) The plan was designed by the arrangement of rectangular units.

In chapter 4, we analyzed NTH and found following 6 points. In NTH; 1) They devised a new method called E.S.System that is based on the golden rule and Fibonacci numbers. 2) E.S.System decided the most of the design such as the plan, the measurement, and the structure. 3) They designed NTH to symbolize alternative “故郷 Hometown” with visualizing the system, and this process was called "Kouzou-ka". 4) That symbolization like “Fukei” is called “Keikan”. 5)The plan was designed by the arrangement of rectangular units and corridors. 6) The method and the plan were stricter than National Theatre.

Conclusions are as follows. In EERIN; 1)They designed to symbolize alternative "故郷" in the same way as NTH, but that idea was called “Fukei” not “Keikan”. 2) There is some similarity to National Theatre in the site plan, for example, there are no connection unit between two rectangular unit. 3) While they did not mention completely, the dimensions were decided with the golden rule and Fibonacci numbers in the same way as NTH. 4) “Kouzou-ka” was achieved in the same way as NTH because they used similar system to NTH. 5)They designed to represent ancient farming landscape with arrangement of small rectangular units because they may know that they cannot represent the idea “故郷” itself. But they think the people seeing the architecture can have their “故郷” in each mind by seeing the ancient farming landscape.

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© 2021, Architectural Institute of Japan
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