2018 Volume 15 Pages 93-100
Oldest-old adults aged ≥85 years are more vulnerable to frailty, chronic diseases, and disabilities; therefore, concerns about their healthcare are increasing. Prevention of physical and mental disability is a key objective for successful ageing in these adults. We aim to review the literature investigating the importance of exercise in oldest-old adults. Moreover, our major goal is to present the effectiveness of exercise designed to improve physical function in oldest-old adults. An effective exercise protocol for oldest-old adults is characterized by an intervention period of 24 weeks, intervention frequency of 2 or 3 times per week, and intensity of reserve heart rate ranging from 40 to 60%. Although exercise intervention had a uniformly positive impact on physical function, regular physical exercise seemed to be more beneficial in oldest-old adults. Further studies are necessary to investigate the systematic review in physical exercise and oldest-old adults.