2019 Volume 35 Issue 2 Pages 153-158
To evaluate the mobility and bioavailability of 137Cs in soils, we compared the extraction of 137Cs with stable Cs and ammonium solutions from 137Cs-contaminated minerals and soils. The extraction yields of 137Cs with stable Cs were significantly lower than those with ammonium for minerals with frayed edge sites, but such differences were not observed for minerals without frayed edge sites. The amount of 137Cs extracted with stable Cs from soils was lower than, or equal to, that extracted with ammonium. The above results suggest that stable Cs extracted the 137Cs from easily accessible sites. Plant available 137Cs was assessed using Kochia (Bassia scoparia) cultivated in pots of contaminated soils, and compared with soil parameters including extractable 137Cs and K, and radiocesium intercept potential. The 137Cs/K ratio extracted with stable Cs solution was found to be a potential index for evaluation of the easily mobile and bioavailable fraction of 137Cs in soil.