1992 Volume 45 Issue 1 Pages 10-19
A Gram-negative bacterium was found to produce new antibacterial antibiotics, sperabillins A, B, C and D, and the producing bacterium was characterized and identified as Pseudomonas fluorescens YK-437. Sperabillins were isolated by column chromatographies using cation-exchange resins, activated carbon and cation-exchange Sephadex, and preparative reverse-phase HPLC. Sperabillins showed antibacterial activity against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria including antibiotic-resistant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. Sperabillin A inhibited DNA, RNA, protein, and cell wall biosynthesis in Escherichia coli. Sperabillins showed good protective effects in experimentally infected mice.