失語症研究
Online ISSN : 1880-6716
Print ISSN : 0285-9513
ISSN-L : 0285-9513
原著
失語症者の聴覚的理解に及ぼす文脈・統語的性質の影響
木村 康子柏木 あさ子柏木 敏宏長谷川 恒雄
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1985 年 5 巻 1 号 p. 748-757

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    A sentence comprehension test was performed to study the influence of context and syntactic structure on auditory sentence comprehension in aphasics. The subjects were 30 aphasics and 15 persons with no brain damage. The aphasics were divided into 6 groups according to clinical type (fluent/non-fluent) and total test score (low/medium/high). After the presentation of stories, a sentence comprehension test was given which consisted of 60 sentences varying in parameters of context (consistent/inconsistent with the presented stories) and syntactic structure (active/pas-sive). Results were as follows.
1) In non-brain-damaged subjects, both parameters had no influence, all sentences being equally easy to comprehend.
2) In aphasics, both parameters exerted significant influence on comprehension difficulty.
    a) Inconsistent sentences were more difficult to comprehend than consistent sentences ; this tendecy proved more marked in aphasics with lower scores.
    b) Passive sentences were more difficult to comprehend than active sentences.

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© 1985 一般社団法人 日本高次脳機能障害学会 (旧 日本失語症学会)
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