アジア・アフリカ地域研究
Online ISSN : 2188-9104
Print ISSN : 1346-2466
ISSN-L : 1346-2466
特集「現代アフリカにおける土地をめぐる紛争と伝統的権威」
首長の再起と創り出される権力
―ウガンダ北部アチョリ社会における土地争いを事例に―
川口 博子
著者情報
ジャーナル フリー

2015 年 14 巻 2 号 p. 182-209

詳細
抄録

After independence, many African governments strived for modernization and nation building, and to this end they suppressed the indigenous kings and chiefs, regarding them as having fostered regional and ethnic distinctions. However, since the 1990s, when African states faced political liberalization and decentralization, not only African governments but also international institutions and donor countries began to support and strengthen kingship and chieftainship.
In Uganda, many kings and chiefs resurged after the amendment to the constitution in 1995 that formally recognized them. Chiefs of the Acholi in northern Uganda have created “Acholi kingdom,” which has a paramount chief and a multi-layered institution to integrate their power. They also encouraged “Acholi tradition,” which uniformly covers the whole Acholi region. This paper focuses on a meeting which chiefs held to deal with a land conflict, and clarifies the process in which chiefs exercised their power and their people accepted it.
In this meeting, chiefs advocated “Acholi tradition” as the basis of their legitimacy and utilized the institution of “Acholi kingdom” in order to exercise their power. However, their legitimacy was not an absolute one that people might accept unconditionally. The chiefs needed a lengthy process, in which their legitimacy was contested and negotiated. It was only through this process that their power was established and accepted by their people.

著者関連情報
© 2015 京都大学大学院アジア・アフリカ地域研究研究科
前の記事 次の記事
feedback
Top