2021 Volume 14 Issue 1 Pages 56-59
Isolated internal iliac artery aneurysms are rare, and there are no reports of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related vasculitis in Japan. We report our experience with a 51-year-old man diagnosed with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, discovered during the postoperative course when the patient exhibited remittent fever and susceptibility to infection after emergency interventional radiology therapy for a right isolated internal iliac artery aneurysm. The patient had positive treponema pallidum particle agglutination test result before admission, and tests for sexually transmitted disease showed positive results for HIV H-1 antibodies. The repeated fevers were attributed to HIV infection-related susceptibility.