2001 Volume 65 Issue 2 Pages 396-400
Experiments were done to find whether buckwheat extract ameliorates the renal injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion. In ischemic-reperfused control rats, the activities of antioxidative enzymes in renal tissue and blood and renal parameters deviated from the normal range, indicating dysfunction of the kidneys. In contrast, when buckwheat extract was given orally for 20 consecutive days before ischemia and reperfusion, the activities of the antioxidation enzymes superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase were higher, while thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance levels in serum and renal tissue were lower in the treated rats than in the controls. Decreased levels of urea nitrogen and creatinine in serum demonstrated a protective effect against the renal dysfunction caused by ischemia and recirculation. On the other hand, it was demonstrated that buckwheat extract had a protective effect on cultured proximal tubule cells subjected to hypoxia-reoxygenation, probably by preventing oxygen free radicals from attacking the cell membranes.
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