Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Online ISSN : 1347-6947
Print ISSN : 0916-8451
Microbiology & Fermentation Technology Regular Papers
Self-cloning Yeast Strains Containing Novel FAS2 Mutations Produce a Higher Amount of Ethyl Caproate in Japanese Sake
Kazuo ARITOMIIsao HIROSAWAHisashi HOSHIDAMikio SHIIGIYoshinori NISHIZAWASusumu KASHIWAGIRinji AKADA
Author information
JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

2004 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages 206-214

Details
Abstract

  Point mutation of Gly1250Ser (1250S) of the yeast fatty acid synthase gene FAS2 confers cerulenin resistance. This mutation also results in a higher production of the apple-like flavor component ethyl caproate in Japanese sake. We mutated the 1250th codon by in vitro site-directed mutagenesis to encode Ala (1250A) or Cys (1250C) and examined cerulenin resistance and ethyl caproate production. The mutated FAS2 genes were inserted into a binary plasmid vector containing a drug-resistance marker and a counter-selectable marker, GALp-GIN11M86. The plasmids were integrated into the wild-type FAS2 locus of a sake yeast strain, and the loss of the plasmid sequences from the integrants was done by growth on galactose plates, which is permissive for loss of GALp-GIN11M86. These counter-selected strains contained either the wild type or the mutated FAS2 allele but not the plasmid sequences, from which FAS2 mutant strains were selected by allele-specific PCR. The FAS2-1250C mutant produced a higher amount of ethyl caproate in sake than FAS2-1250S, while FAS2-1250A produced an ethyl caproate level intermediate between FAS2-1250S and the parental Kyokai no. 7 strain. Interestingly, these mutants only showed detectable cerulenin resistance. These ‘self-cloning’ yeast strains should be acceptable to the public because they can improve sake quality without the presence of extraneous DNA sequences.

Information related to the author

This article cannot obtain the latest cited-by information.

© 2004 by Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry
Previous article Next article
feedback
Top