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Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Vol. 70 (2006) No. 5 P 1218-1226



Food & Nutrition Science Regular Papers

Many polysaccharides isolated from mushroom are considered to be biological response modifiers and have been shown to enhance various immune responses in vivo and in vitro. We demonstrate that a novel polysaccharide–protein complex (PPC) extracted from Phellinus linteus was a potent immunomodulator. PPC had a molecular weight of approximately 73 kDa. It was composed of five different monosaccharides, predominantly D-glucose and D-mannose, in the molar ratio of 3:2, the main amino acid being aspartic acid. PPC had a unique mode of immunostimulation with regard to its cell-type specificity. PPC was found to markedly increase the proliferation of B cells, but not T cells. Although PPC and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) had a similar mode of action in B cells, they were differentiated by the fact that PPC-induced cellular activation was not inhibited by polymyxin B (PB), a specific inhibitor of LPS. PPC increased the cytokine production and nitric oxide (NO) from macrophages. PPC also enhanced the lytic death of NO-sensitive tumor cells, B16 melanoma, through the production of NO. In addition, PPC up-regulated the natural killer (NK) cell-mediated killing of tumor cells, YAC-1 lymphoma in vitro. These results suggest that PPC stimulated the tumoricidal activities of macrophages and NK cells, and induced the proliferation of B cells in vitro. This process may be the mechanism by which PPC produced its therapeutic effects.

Copyright © 2006 by Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry

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