RNase Po1 is a guanylic acid-specific ribonuclease (a RNase T1 family RNase) from Pleurotus ostreatus. We determined the cDNA sequence encoding RNase Po1 and expressed RNase Po1 in Escherichia coli. A comparison of the enzymatic properties of RNase Po1 and RNase T1 indicated that the optimum temperature for RNase Po1 activity was 20 °C higher than that for RNase T1. An MTT assay indicated that RNase Po1 inhibits the proliferation of human neuroblastoma cells (IMR-32 and SK-N-SH) and human leukemia cells (Jurkat and HL-60). Furthermore, Hoechst 33342 staining showed morphological changes in HL-60 cells due to RNase Po1, and flow cytometry indicated the appearance of a sub-G1 cell population. The extent of these changes was dependent on the concentration of RNase Pol. We suggest that RNase Po1 induces apoptosis in tumor cells.
2013 by Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry