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Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Vol. 77 (2013) No. 7 p. 1486-1491



Biochemistry & Molecular Biology Regular Papers

RNase Po1 is a guanylic acid-specific ribonuclease (a RNase T1 family RNase) from Pleurotus ostreatus. We determined the cDNA sequence encoding RNase Po1 and expressed RNase Po1 in Escherichia coli. A comparison of the enzymatic properties of RNase Po1 and RNase T1 indicated that the optimum temperature for RNase Po1 activity was 20 °C higher than that for RNase T1. An MTT assay indicated that RNase Po1 inhibits the proliferation of human neuroblastoma cells (IMR-32 and SK-N-SH) and human leukemia cells (Jurkat and HL-60). Furthermore, Hoechst 33342 staining showed morphological changes in HL-60 cells due to RNase Po1, and flow cytometry indicated the appearance of a sub-G1 cell population. The extent of these changes was dependent on the concentration of RNase Pol. We suggest that RNase Po1 induces apoptosis in tumor cells.

Copyright © 2013 by Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry

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