Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Online ISSN : 1347-6947
Print ISSN : 0916-8451
Cloning and Expression of Purine Nucleoside Phosphorylase I Gene from Bacillus stearothermophilus TH 6-2
Tomoki HAMAMOTOKiyoshi OKUYAMAToshitada NOGUCHIYuichiro MIDORIKAWA
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JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

1997 Volume 61 Issue 2 Pages 272-275

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Abstract

Bacillus stearothermophilus TH 6-2 has two kinds of purine nucleoside phosphorylases (Pu-NPase I and Pu-NPase II). The Pu-NPase I is a functional homolog of eukaryotic purine nucleoside phosphorylases that can catalyze the phosphorolysis of inosine and guanosine, but not adenosine, the primary substrate of Pu-NPase II. The Pu-NPase I gene of TH 6-2 has been cloned, sequenced, and expressed in E. coli. The gene corresponded to an open reading frame of 822 nucleotides that translates into a putative 274-amino acid protein with a molecular weight of 29, 637. The deduced amino terminus sequence completely coincided with that found for the purified enzyme. The cloned gene was overexpressed in E. coli by using the trc promoter to produce an active enzyme in large quantities. The amino acid sequence of Pu-NPase I shared 50%, similarity with those of human and mouse purine nucleoside phosphorylases.

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