経営史学
Online ISSN : 1883-8995
Print ISSN : 0386-9113
ISSN-L : 0386-9113
論文
高度成長期日本の石油化学産業における設備投資調整政策の実態の再検討
―エチレン年産30万トン基準制定後の個別認可過程に着目して―
長井 景太郎
著者情報
ジャーナル フリー

2020 年 55 巻 2 号 p. 27-50

詳細
抄録

This study examines the adoption of minimum capacity standard of 300,000-tons per year (300,000-ton standard) by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) for ethylene plants in Japan and resulting cooperative actions by members of the petrochemical industry. In order to strengthen international competitiveness and control investment, MITI enacted a 300,000-ton minimum capacity standard for new ethylene plants in June 1967. However, in 1972, one year before the first oil crisis, there was overcapacity. Many industrial historians have studied the 300,000-ton standard as a cause of this overcapacity from a macro-perspective. However, the capacity adjustment in plant building was made through consultations between MITI and individual companies, sometimes involving the local authority. Thus, this paper examines the effects of MITI’s authorization and the prefectures’ micro adjustments with individual companies from several perspectives. My analysis reveals that MITI’s authorization criteria included not only ensuring stable supplies of raw materials, like naphtha and its derivative products, but also investment profitability, and the prevention of environmental pollution. This result implies that Japan’s industrial policy in the late high-growth era was influenced by a broad range of social and economic problems, not limited to the petrochemical industry.

著者関連情報
© 2020 経営史学会
前の記事 次の記事
feedback
Top