2017 年 68 巻 2 号 p. 13-
One of Jacques Rancière’s contributions to aesthetics is his re-reading of the history of aesthetics. Rancière refers to the regime that has identified art as “art” since the end of the 18th century as “the aesthetic regime of art.” Against the short divisions of art history by modernism or postmodernism, he seeks to describe the long term. For Rancière, ideas of “modernism” and “postmodernism” need critique because the two cannot treat general transformations in the aesthetic regime of art. We will explain how his thinking can renew the discourses of modernism and postmodernism. This essay first examines the pre-existing modernist and postmodernist thinking that Rancière criticizes. It then deals with his view of the history of art history by reading Le partage du sensible. This reading aims to emphasize the work’s originality with regard to modernist and postmodernist thinking. We finally investigate his analysis of political art in Malaise dans l’esthétique, whose arguments offer us a new point of view fot reconsidering contemporary political art. We conclude this essay by stating that Rancière recognizes the political effectiveness of the “mixtures” of the heterogeneous that fundamentally characterize the aesthetic regime.