1996 年 119 巻 1 号 p. 63-69
Our previous study has shown that depolymerized holothurian glycosaminoglycan (DHG) has two different inhibitory activities in the blood coagulation cascade: heparin cofactor II-dependent thrombin inhibition; and antithrombin III- and heparin cofactor II-independent inhibition of the intrinsic factor Xase complex [Nagase et al. (1995) Blood 85, 1527-1534]. In the present study, the effect of DHG on the activation of factor VIII and factor V by thrombin was examined with purified human components. DHG inhibited the activation of factor VIII by thrombin at concentrations exceeding 80nM, but not the activation of factor V by thrombin at concentrations of up to 8μM. On Western blot analysis, DHG inhibited the cleavage of factor VIII light chain at concentrations exceeding 0.8μM. The interaction between DHG and factors VIII and V and thrombin was examined with a DHG-cellulofine column. DHG had strong affinity for factor V and thrombin, but slight affinity for factor VIII. The interaction of DHG with thrombin was analyzed, using fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled DHG. One mole of DHG bound 2mol of thrombin, with a dissociation constant (Kd) of 3.04×10-6M. These results suggest that DHG interferes with the interaction between thrombin and factor VIII, probably by making a binary complex through the anionic binding exosite II of thrombin.