2007 Volume 28 Issue 2 Pages 107-113
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of proliferating tissue used in combination with bovine-derived xenograft (BDX) on the formation of new cementum and bone in dogs. Intrabony defects were treated with either BDX in conjunction with autogenous proliferating tissues (BDXplus-proliferating tissues: BDX-P group) or BDX alone (BDX-alone group). The control group received no BDX or proliferating tissues. The animals were sacrificed after 2, 4, and 8 weeks of the treatment, and tissues were histologically examined. Specimens from the control group were characterized by long junctional epithelium and little bone formation. The BDX-P group showed a statistically significant increase in new bone and cementum formation compared to the BDX-alone group (30.9% vs. 18.7, p < 0.01 and 87.8% vs. 61.8, p < 0.01). The ratio of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)-positive cells in the newly formed connective tissue of the BDX-P group was significantly greater than that in the BDX-alone group. These findings suggest that the use of proliferating tissues in combination with BDX enhances new bone and cementum formation, offering potential as therapeutic material in periodontal regeneration.