2018 Volume 15 Pages 251-254
Recent evidence has suggested that chromatin is not simply repeats of the canonical nucleosome, called the “octasome”, but may include diverse repertoires of basic structural units. During the transcription process, a nucleosome is repositioned by a chromatin remodeler and collides with a neighboring nucleosome, thus creating an unusual nucleosome substructure termed the “overlapping dinucleosome”. We previously developed a method for the large-scale preparation of the overlapping dinucleosome. This method enabled us to solve the crystal structure of the overlapping dinucleosome, which revealed an unexpected structure composed of an octameric histone core associated with a hexameric histone core lacking one H2A-H2B dimer.