2019 Volume 16 Pages 232-239
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor (IP3R) is a huge tetrameric intracellular Ca2+ channel that mediates cytoplasmic Ca2+ signaling. The structural basis of the gating in IP3R has been studied by X-ray crystallography and cryo-electron microscopy, focusing on the domain rearrangements triggered by IP3 binding. Here, we conducted molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of the three N-terminal domains of IP3R responsible for IP3 binding (IBC/SD; two domains of the IP3 binding core, IBCβ and IBCα, and suppressor domain, SD) as a model system to study the initial gating stage. The response upon removal of IP3 from the IP3-bound form of IBC/SD was traced in MD trajectories. The two IBC domains showed an immediate response of opening after removal of IP3, and SD showed a simultaneous opening motion indicating a tight dynamic coupling with IBC. However, when IBC remained in a more closed form, the dynamic coupling broke and SD exhibited a more amplified closing motion independently of IBC. This amplified SD motion was caused by the break of connection between SD and IBCβ at the hinge region, but was suppressed in the native tetrameric state. The analyses using Motion Tree and the linear response theory clarified that in the open form, SD and IBCα moved collectively relative to IBCβ with a response upon IP3 binding within the linear regime, whereas in the closed form, such collectiveness disappeared. These results suggest that the regulation of dynamics via the domain arrangement and multimerization is requisite for large-scale allosteric communication in IP3R gating machinery.