2022 Volume 19 Article ID: e190012
During the repair of double-strand breaks (DSBs) in DNA, active mobilizations for conformational changes in chromosomes have been widely observed in eukaryotes, from yeast to animal and plant cells. DSB-damaged loci in the yeast genome showed increased mobility and relocation to the nuclear periphery. However, the driving forces behind DSB-induced chromatin dynamics remain unclear. In this study, mathematical models of normal and DSB-damaged yeast chromosomes were developed to simulate their structural dynamics. The effects of histone degradation in the whole nucleus and the change in the physical properties of damaged loci due to the binding of SUMOylated repair proteins were considered in the model of DSB-induced chromosomes based on recent experimental results. The simulation results reproduced DSB-induced changes to structural and dynamical features by which the combination of whole nuclear histone degradation and the rigid structure formation of repair protein accumulations on damaged loci were suggested to be primary contributors to the process by which damaged loci are relocated to the nuclear periphery.