Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5215
Print ISSN : 0918-6158
ISSN-L : 0918-6158
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Xanthoangelol, a Major Chalcone Constituent of Angelica keiskei, Induces Apoptosis in Neuroblastoma and Leukemia Cells
Keiichi TabataKou MotaniNoriya TakayanagiReiko NishimuraSatoru AsamiYumiko KimuraMotohiko UkiyaDaisuke HasegawaToshihiro AkihisaTakashi Suzuki
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2005 Volume 28 Issue 8 Pages 1404-1407


Xanthoangelol, a major chalcone constituent of the stem exudates of Angelica keiskei, was evaluated for cell toxicity and apoptosis-inducing activity in human neuroblastoma (IMR-32) and leukemia (Jurkat) cells. Xanthoangelol concentration-dependently reduced the survival rates of both cell lines as revealed by the trypan blue exclusion test. Early apoptosis induced by 4 h incubation with xanthoangelol was detected using flow cytometry after double-staining with annexin V and propidium iodide (PI). Western blot analysis showed that xanthoangelol markedly reduced the level of precursor caspase-3 and increased the level of cleaved caspase-3, but Bax and Bcl-2 proteins were not affected. These results suggest that xanthoangelol induces apoptotic cell death by activatation of caspase-3 in neuroblastoma and leukemia cells through a mechanism that does not involve Bax/Bcl-2 signal transduction. Therefore, xanthoangelol may be applicable as an effective drug for treatment of neuroblastoma and leukemia.

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© 2005 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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