Volume 30 (2007) Issue 10 Pages 1958-1961
Werner syndrome helicase (WRN) participates in a wide range of DNA activities, including replication, double-strand DNA break repair, telomere and retrovirus long terminal repeat maintenance. Mutations of the WRN gene cause Werner syndrome (WS), an autosomal recessive premature ageing disorder associated with various symptoms related to ageing. In this study, we investigated the siRNA that specifically down-regulates WRN expression. WRN silencing increased markedly the chemotherapeutic activity of camptothecin (CPT) on cancer cells in terms of the extent of efficacy and lowering effective drug dosage, accompanied by suppressing recovery from DNA damage caused by CPT. Here, we propose a potential combination therapy of WRN-siRNA and CPT, looking forward to minimizing the inevitable adverse effects associated with cancer chemotherapy.