Estrogen-related receptors alpha (ERRα) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) function coordinately to regulate mitochondrial biogenesis and oxidative phosphorylation particularly in muscle tissue. In this study, we addressed the consequences of suppressing the activity of ERRα in L6 myotubes using an ERRα inverse agonist XCT-790. We found that treating differentiated L6 myotubes with XCT-790 reduced the expression of PGC-1α and suppressed mitochondrial biogenesis. Additionally, XCT-790 increased the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) which in turn induced the expressions of glucose transporters 1, 2, and 5 leading to an increase in glucose uptake and uncoupling protein 3 leading to a reduction of mitochondrial membrane potential. Thus, suppressing the activity of ERRα which is primarily responsible for controlling β-oxidation would nonetheless indirectly affect glucose uptake in a ROS-dependent manner.
2009 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan