Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5215
Print ISSN : 0918-6158
ISSN-L : 0918-6158
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Class IIb HDAC Inhibition Enhances the Inhibitory Effect of Am80, a Synthetic Retinoid, in Prostate Cancer
Mari Ishigami-YuasaHisao EkimotoHiroyuki Kagechika
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2019 Volume 42 Issue 3 Pages 448-452

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Abstract

Combination therapy is often an effective strategy to treat cancer. In this study, we examined the growth-inhibitory effects of Am80 (tamibarotene), a specific retinoic acid receptor (RAR) α/β agonist, in combination with a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), or a DNA methyl transferase (DNMT) inhibitor, 5-aza-2′-deoxycytidine, on androgen receptor (AR)-positive and AR-negative prostate cancer cell lines (LNCaP and PC-3, respectively). We found that the combination therapy of SAHA and Am80 showed an enhanced growth-inhibitory effect on LNCaP cells. Further studies with various HDAC isotype-selective inhibitors showed that SAHA and KD5170 (a selective class I and II HDAC inhibitor) each increased the RARα protein level in LNCaP cells. Our results indicate that the target of the enhancing effect belongs to the Class IIb HDACs, especially HDAC6. Dual targeting of Class IIb HDAC and RARα may be a candidate therapeutic strategy for prostate cancer.

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© 2019 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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