1997 Volume 20 Issue 11 Pages 1183-1187
An osteotropic drug delivery system (ODDS) based on a bisphosphonic prodrug has been developed for 17β-estradiol (E2) to improve patient compliance in estrogen replacement therapy of postmenopausal osteoporosis. The biological disposition and the targeting efficiency of a bisphosphonic prodrug of E2, disodium [17β-(3'-hydroxy-1', 3', 5'-estratrienyloxy)carbonylpropyl carboxamidomethylene]bisphosphonate (E2-BP), was investigated in ovariectomized rats. After intravenous injection, E2-BP was rapidly taken up into the bone and subsequently cleared from the bone at a half-life of 13.5d. The bone concentration of regenerated E2 was maintained throughout 28d. In contrast, E2 injected intravenously showed extremely low bone distribution and rapid clearance from the bone, and E2 administered orally showed even lower bone distribution. Therapeutic availability (TA) and drug targeting index (DTI), which were calculated on the basis of the AUCs for E2 in the bone and plasma after injection of E2-BP and E2, were 64.6 and 451, respectively. These results suggest that ODDS has a potential to improve not only the apparent potency but also the therapeutic index of E2. As compared with the conventional estrogenic products, E2-BP should improve patient compliance with lower adverse effects and less frequent medication in long-term estrogen replacement therapy.