1998 Volume 21 Issue 10 Pages 1072-1076
Inhibitory activity against 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced inflammation in mice was observed in the methanol extract of rice bran and γ-oryzanol. The active components of rice bran, sitosterol ferulate, 24-methylcholesterol ferulate, cycloartenol ferulate and 24-methylenecycloartanol ferulate inhibited markedly the TPA-induced inflammation in mice. The 50% inhibitory does of these compounds for TPA-induced inflammation was 0.2-0.3 mg/ear. Furthermore, cycloartenol ferulate markedly inhibited the tumor-promoting effect of TPA in 7, 12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-initiated mice.