1998 Volume 21 Issue 4 Pages 366-370
The present study was carried out to compare the accelerating effect of shikonin and alkannin and to elucidate the expression of CD antigen and histological changes on the proliferation of granulation tissue in rats. Shikonin and alkannin produced a dose-dependent acceleration of the cotton pellet-induced granuloma formation and this accelerating potency of both compounds on the proliferation of granulation tissue was about the same 5 and 10 d after implantation of the cotton pellet. Also, both compounds increased the ratio of CD11b+ cells in the granulation tissue 5 and 10 d after implantation of the cotton pellet. Both compounds increased the expression of CD11b+ cells with granulocytes such as macrophages and histiocytes, and then accelerated the proliferation of fibroblasts and collagen fiber. On the other hand, neither compound increased the ratio of CD3+ cells in the granulation tissue after 5 and 10 d. These results suggest that shikonin and alkannin accelerate the proliferation of granulation tissue induced by the cotton pellet and this accelerating effect may be attributed to an increase in the expression of CD11b+ cells, and the acceleration of the proliferation of fibroblasts and collagen fiber in the granulation tissue.