BioScience Trends
Online ISSN : 1881-7823
Print ISSN : 1881-7815
ISSN-L : 1881-7815
Original Articles
Overexpression of hepatocyte growth factor receptor in scleroderma dermal fibroblasts is caused by autocrine transforming growth factor β signaling
Ikko KajiharaMasatoshi JinninTakamitsu MakinoShinichi MasuguchiKeisuke SakaiSatoshi FukushimaKeishi MaruoYuji InoueHironobu Ihn
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2012 Volume 6 Issue 3 Pages 136-142

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Abstract

Cutaneous fibrosis seen in systemic sclerosis (SSc) is caused by fibroblast activation and abnormal collagen accumulation due to 'autocrine transforming growth factor (TGF)-β/Smad signaling'. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) may have therapeutic value against SSc, because of its inducible effect on the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1. Previous studies indicated SSc dermal fibroblasts overexpress HGF receptor c-met, which suggest specific and effective induction of MMP-1 in SSc fibroblasts caused by HGF treatment. However, the exact mechanism of c-met overexpression in SSc cells was hardly investigated. We hypothesized that such c-met overexpression is also caused by autocrine TGF-β/Smad signaling. Expression of c-met protein in cultured SSc dermal fibroblasts was significantly up-regulated compared with that in normal fibroblasts. Ectopic TGF-β stimulation induced c-met synthesis in normal fibroblasts, while a TGF-β knockdown normalized the up-regulated c-met levels in SSc fibroblasts. Furthermore, we found the c-met promoter contains a putative binding site for Smads, and the binding activity of Smad2/3 to the c-met promoter was constitutively up-regulated in SSc fibroblasts as well as in normal fibroblasts treated with exogenous TGF-β1. Taken together, c-met may be overexpressed due to autocrine TGF-β/Smad signaling in SSc. Considering that HGF has an antifibrotic effect, such c-met overexpression in SSc fibroblasts may be a negative feedback against cutaneous fibrosis. Clarifying the mechanisms of c-met overexpression and controlling the HGF/c-met pathway may lead to a new therapeutic approach for this disease.

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© 2012 International Research and Cooperation Association for Bio & Socio-Sciences Advancement
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