Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
Online ISSN : 1881-784X
Print ISSN : 1881-7831
Original Articles
Bacterial polysaccharides inhibit sucrose-induced hyperglycemia in silkworms
Masaki IshiiYasuhiko MatsumotoKazuhisa Sekimizu
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2018 Volume 12 Issue 4 Pages 185-188

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Abstract

Diabetes and obesity result from sucrose-induced hyperglycemia. Prevention of hyperglycemia contributes to inhibit the onset of these life-related diseases. Here we show that polysaccharides obtained from soil bacteria inhibit sucrose-induced hyperglycemia in an in vivo silkworm evaluation system. Ethanol precipitates of extracellular polysaccharides were prepared from viscous bacterial colonies. Among 24 samples obtained from different bacterial species, oral administration of 6 samples from Rhizobium altiplani, Cupriavidus sp., Paenibacillus polymyxa, Pantoea eucalypti, Variovorax boronicumulans, and Xanthomonas cynarae suppressed sucrose-induced hyperglycemia in silkworm insect larvae. The R. altiplani fraction treated further with DNase I, RNase A, and proteinase K, followed by phenol extraction also exhibited suppressive activity. Our results suggest that silkworms provide an efficient screening system of bacterial polysaccharides that inhibit sucrose-induced hyperglycemia.

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© 2018 International Research and Cooperation Association for Bio & Socio-Sciences Advancement
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