1999 年 64 巻 p. 55-74
The Association of Sociology of Education in Japan was established in 1950. In the fifty years since that time, membership in the association has grown to nearly 1, 300 members. In this paper, we attempt to analyze the process of the institutionalization of Sociology of Education in Japan. We will attempt to reinterpret the factors which contributed to the formation and integration of the researchers of Sociology of Education into one field of study, and examine the ensuing process of institutionalization up to the present day, taking into account a broader viewpoint of the context at each stage of the development. We will focus on certain aspects of the institutionalization process, such as the “association”, the “teacher-training course”, the “chair system in experimental course.”
First, we examine the Association of Sociology of Education as a group emerging out of the Association of Education and the Association of Sociology. Next, we define typology of the foundation of the Association, its significance, its organization, and its social features, and attempt to analyze the issues that were present at the start of the Association and the surrounding factors which contributed to its institutionalization. We then trace the movements surrounding the establishment of teachertraining courses and the chair system in experimental course in and out of the Association to the present day. This later became the institutional basis of the development of the Association.