e-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology
Online ISSN : 1348-0391
ISSN-L : 1348-0391
Conference -ALC '15-
An Ultrathin Corrosion-Resistant Film on a Steel Surface Formed by Dipping in a Tungstate Solution
Tomohiro AoyamaMasayasu NagoshiShunichi TachibanaKazuhiko Shiotani
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2016 Volume 14 Pages 63-68


The surfaces of steel specimens after dipping in a solution with or without tungstate addition, followed by a corrosion test, were investigated by various techniques, e.g., cross-sectional Cs-(S)TEM, SEM and XPS, to gain an improved understanding of the role of tungstate in corrosion resistance. The corrosion reaction during the test was drastically suppressed when tungstate was added. A crystalline film approximately 4 nm thick consisting of Fe and O was formed on the surface after dipping in the solution without tungstate. After dipping in the solution with tungstate, a film consisting of Fe, O and W was formed with the thickness of about 4 nm. The latter film consisted of two layers; the outer layer showed lower crystallinity and a higher W concentration. This film improved corrosion resistance. It is supposed that (1) barrier properties are improved by the low crystalline layer or (2) W6+ in the film inhibits the corrosion reaction. The WO42- in the solution also protected the surface during the test. When the ultrathin film is destroyed, WO42- reacts with iron ions eluted from corrosion pits to form thicker protective films and pit propagation is also suppressed by segregation of W6+ in the corrosion products above pits. [DOI: 10.1380/ejssnt.2016.63]

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