1999 Volume 46 Issue 5 Pages 731-734
Thyroid follicles in the lateral position of the neck are usually thought to represent the metastasis of thyroid carcinoma. Here we present a case of a 28-year-old woman with accessory ectopic thyroid associated with Graves' disease. Despite a history of Graves' disease poorly controlled with large dose propylthiouracil she was found to be pregnant and artificial abortion was planned. Thyroid scintigraphy was carried out, which indicated an uptake into the region above the left lobe as well as into both lobes of the thyroid gland. In order to control hyperthyroidism and to exclude the possibility of metastasis, total thyroidectomy with tumor resection was performed before the artificial abortion. Pathological examinations of the thyroid gland indicated findings compatible with Graves' disease. The lateral neck mass was revealed to be composed of nonneoplastic thyroid tissue, showing similar histological findings to those of the goiter, which were consistent with Graves' disease. Taken together with several previous reports, it appears that there are some cases with lateral ectopic thyroid tissue, whose pathogenetic mechanism remains to be elucidated.