1996 年 45 巻 4 号 p. 339-345
Syrian hamsters of the APA strain (APA hamsters) develop spontaneous mesangial thickening in the renal glomeruli from an early age. They also develop focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSG) at and after 6 months of age. In this study, histopathological, histochemical and electron microscopical examinations were conducted to clarify the age-related renal glomerular changes in spontaneous FSG of APA hamsters. Histopathological analysis revealed that expansion of the mesangial region and thickening of the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) in the glomeruli of APA hamsters progressed with age. These age-related changes appeared earlier in male animals. Immunohistochemical analysis suggested that type IV collagen was responsible for the expansion of the mesangial region and thickening of the GBM. In lectin histochemical analysis, positive sites for WGA with and without neuraminidase pretreatment and PNA with neuraminidase pretreatment were detected mainly in podocytes and were expanded with age. Ultrastructurally, the increase in basement membrane-like materials in the mesangial matrix, development of intracellular organella of mesangial cells and migration of a part of the mesangial cell cytoplasm into the GBM were observed at and after 6 months of age. These features suggested that mesangial cells played an important role in the age-related expansion of the mesangial region and thickening of the GBM.