2000 年 49 巻 2 号 p. 111-118
The present study is designed to investigate the time-dependent effect of pentobarbital anesthesia on the baroreflex arterial pressure (AP) control system in rabbits. The overall AP control capacity of the baroreflex system was assessed with mean arterial pressure (MAP) responses to the rapid mild hemorrhage (2 ml/kg body weight) and an overall open-loop gain (G) of the system. The G value was determined by means of the following formula: G=ΔAP I/ΔAPS-1, where ΔAP I is an immediate MAP fall and ΔAPS a steady-state fall after the rapid hemorrhage. Prior to the experiment, two catheters for AP measurement and hemorrhage were chronically in-dwelt in the aortic arch via the left subclavian and left common carotid arteries, respectively. Control mean arterial pressure averaged for 30 sec before the rapid hemorrhage (CMAP), ΔAP I and ΔAPS significantly increased and reached the maximal value at 14 min (CAMP: p<0.01) and 28 min (ΔAPI: p<0.01 and ΔAP S: p<0.01) after the intravenous injection of sodium pentobarbital in a 25.0 mg/kg dose, respectively. These values gradually decreased in the course of time and tended to recover to near the preanesthetic level at 77-98 min after the anesthesia. The G value significantly decreased from 7.3 in the conscious state to 1.5 at 28 min after the anesthesia (p<0.001), gradually increased with lapse of time and recovered to near the preanesthetic level at 77-98 min after the anesthesia. No significant difference in G was observed between in the conscious and anesthetized states beyond 70 min after the anesthesia (p>0.05). These findings suggest that pentobarbital sodium exerts a time-dependent inhibitory effect on the baroreflex system but does not significantly affect the overall AP control capacity of the baroreflex system itself at least 70 min after the intravenous administration at a dose of 25.0 mg/kg.