2019 年 68 巻 3 号 p. 341-349
Walking is characterized by repetitive limb movements associated with highly structured patterns of muscle activity. The causal relationships between the muscle activities and hindlimb segments of walking are difficult to decipher. This study investigated these particular relationships and clarified whether they are correlated with speed to further understand the neuromuscular control pattern. Four adult female rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) were selected to record gait parameters while walking on a bipedal treadmill at speeds of 0.2, 0.8, 1.4, and 2.0 km/h. We recorded 3 ipsilateral hindlimb muscles by surface recording. In this study, we calculated the correlations between electromyography (EMG) and kinematic parameters (24 EMG*17 kinematic parameters). Of the 408 calculated coefficients, 71.6% showed significant linear correlations. Significant linear correlations were found between muscle activity, such as burst amplitudes and the integral of muscle activity, and the corresponding kinematic parameters of each joint. Most of these relationships were speed independent (91.7% of all variables). Through correlation analysis, this study demonstrated a causal association between kinematic and EMG patterns of rhesus monkey locomotion. Individuals have particular musculoskeletal control patterns, and most of the relationships between hindlimb segments and muscles are speed independent. The current findings may enhance our understanding of neuromusculoskeletal control strategies.